Chronic Migraine means frequent headaches that include migraines.

4.9 million people in Australia suffer from migraine. 71% of migraine sufferers are women and 86% are of working age. The overall prevalence of chronic migraine in Australia is 7.61%.

Chronic migraine is defined as:

15

Or more days of headaches each month (also called headache days), including . . .

08

Or more days of headaches that have features of migraines each month . . .

FOR 3

Or more months

A migraine is a type of headache that:

  • Is usually moderate to severe in intensity
  • Is throbbing or pulsating
  • Often occurs on one side of the head
  • Can be accompanied by nausea and/or vomiting, and sensitivity to light and/or sound
  • Can get worse by routine physical activity (such as walking or climbing stairs)
  • Can be associated with changes in vision or hearing (also known as aura)
  • Can last from 4 hours to 3 days

About migraine triggers:

People who suffer from migraine are often encouraged to think about potential ‘triggers’ for their migraine and try to make lifestyle changes. Migraines can be triggered or aggravated by many factors, including:

  • Weather (e.g., temperature change, high humidity)
  • Diet (e.g., chocolate, aged cheese, caffeine, alcohol)
  • Surroundings (e.g., bright lights, strong odours, loud sounds)
  • Hormones (e.g., menstruation, birth control pills)
  • Physical factors (e.g., strenuous exercise like aerobics, poor quality of sleep)
  • Stress (e.g., anxiety, worry)

Lifestyle changes including relaxation and exercise may also be effective in treating and preventing migraine.

Identifying your triggers, and avoiding them as much as possible, are key to managing the frequency of your migraines. To begin tracking your migraine symptoms and triggers, download the Headache Diary.

Are you suffering from frequent headaches that could be chronic migraine? If so, take the Identifying Chronic Migraine Screener.

If you’ve been diagnosed with chronic migraine, learn about different treatment approaches, including preventative and acute therapies.

To learn more about chronic migraine, explore Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).